Tigrigna and Amharigna (Amharic) are the modern languages which are derived from Ge'ez. By contrast, the OLF claimed there were 18 million Oromo in 1978, well over half of a total population roughly estimated that year at 31 million. Oromo, also called Afaan Oromo and Oromiffa, is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. Oromo has the typical Eastern Cushitic set of five short and five long vowels. Nevertheless, researching the history of the Oromo we found a strong antagonistic prejudice towards the people from the part of Amhara-Tigray society, Since, it is written and printed, being designated in 1992 as an official language in the Oromo region of Ethiopia. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan.. See the details on every language spoken in Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today Since 1991 the Tigreans have controlled the nation’s political and economic scene. #Sharing New India with our relative Learn Afan Oromo and Other Ethiopian Language. It is of great importance for us to know more about the process of formation of the people. But it’s under consideration to make both languages official. Afroasiatic Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. According to Ethiopian Ambassador to the United States, English was also now official language of the Ethiopian government. by reviewing the early history of Oromo writing and discusses the Ethiopian language policies, analysing materials written in various scripts and certain writers starting from the 19th century. Amharic is the official national language of Ethiopia. I claim this remains one of the biggest issues related to the Oromo question in Ethiopian politics since the 1960s. According to the Ethiopian census of 2007, the first languages and the largest are the Oromo with about 24,930,424 of the population speaking the language which is equivalent to 33.8% and the Amharic with 21,634,396 users which is equivalent to 29.3% of the country’s population. Semitic The importance of the time of their birth is crucial because they are the first Oromo generation in over a century who had a defined home land “Oromia”. Oromoffa is spoken predominantely in Oromo Region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia.. 198 likes. Although Geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues as a language of Ethiopian Church. It is classified [3] as one of the Kushitic [4] languages spoken in the Ethiopian Empire, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and … Phonology. Interestingly, Afan Oromo, a Cushitic language, is indigenous to 33.80 per cent of the population, and thus can be regarded as the largest indigenous language in Ethiopia. It was then given official status and the latin script as opposed to the Ethiopic script was adopted. Ethiopia has about 80 ethno-national groups. Oromo and Wolaytta are spoken by more than 34 million and 2 million speakers, respectively (Si-mons and Fennig, 2017). The Oromo comprise the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, approximately 50% - 60%. The Oromo population is more than 50 million currently, but the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo people as only 35 million now. These languages have different functions in Ethiopia. Abebe Bulto's excellent book, "Afan Oromo, A Guide to Speaking the Language of Oromo People in Ethiopia", is a great resource for anyone wanting to learn Afan Oromo. People protest against the Ethiopian government during an Oromo festival in October 2017. Government estimates put the number of Oromo speakers at about 7 million in 1970--about 28 percent of the total population of Ethiopia. GEM Tv :- Bushu Haayilu - Oromtittii | ኦሮምቲቲ - New Ethiopian Oromo Music 2019 [Official Video] Check Out New Ethiopian Music Videos by Golden Ethio Music. The central demand of the Oromo protests was that Afan Oromo be one of the working languages, a demand that continues to be ignored by the government. The adoption of Roman script for Oromo writing and the debates that followed are explored, with an With the total Ethiopian population thought to be over 102 million, the number of Oromo people exceeds 35 million in Ethiopia alone. Anti-government protests by young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change. The faction is being held … Afaan Oromo, a highly developed spoken language, is at the top of the list [2] of the distinct and separate 1000 or so languages used in Africa, the most polyglot of the continents. In February 2020, the Ethiopian government announced four new languages would become federal level working languages of Ethiopia; Afar, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya. Oromo language is categorized as a Cushitic language and it is the third most widely spoken language in Africa, after Arabic and Hausa. Vowels (1o). The traditional Oromo language is Oromiffa, the written form of which has recently changed to use the Roman alphabet. The Oromo as recorded in Ethiopian literature 1325 Reconstruction of Oromo national identity. Linguists: Dr. Derib Ado and Dr. Feda Neggese. Further, Oromo, by not being a "written language" was not available to European scholars in libraries; not being a available meant that it did not exist (Tutschek 1844 is an honorable exception). Five Ethiopian web corpora The HaBiT project has in cooperation with the project Linguistic Capacity Buliding – Tools for the inclusive development of Ethiopia developed web corpora for Amharic, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya: For a period of time the Ethiopian government attempted to impose a national culture upon the entire country. Oromo children's books keep once-banned Ethiopian language alive Melbourne woman Toltu Tufa launches publishing company to print teaching resources for Oromo, a language forbidden under Haile Selassie Language Ethiopia is a nation with some eighty languages and almost 200 dialects. So next time while you are in a supermarket for shopping, asking for a bill or telling a direction for a taxi; make sure you have this app on your smartphone and … Amharic remained the dominant language after 1991 as it was chosen as the federal working language. 9 million people. Amharic is rooted from the Ancient language Geez (Ge'ez). They are the first generation of Oromo’s that grew up with Afaan Oromo as the official language of Oromia and it being recognized officially by the Ethiopian government. The Ethiopian languages are divided into four major language groups.These are Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan. It is a macrolanguage language of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Eritrea, and Djibouti, by close to 40 million people, making it Africa’s the fourth most widely spoken language … Amharic, for instance, is the work-ing language of the Federal Government. As a result, ethnic strife has resulted between the Amhara and Oromo. All Language Alliance, Inc. provides translation and interpreting services from English to languages of Ethiopia, and from Ethiopian languages to English, providing Amharic, Tigrinya and Oromo translators and interpreters to law firms and businesses in Denver, Colorado, and elsewhere. Ethiopian Treasures explores the many varied aspects of Ethiopia including its history, culture, tradition, religion, language, calendar, geography and climate. Ethiopian Treasures Ethiopia is a land of plenty with a long and noble history giving rise to ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity. The major ones are the Oromo (the largest), the Amhara and the Tigrayans. English, Arabic, Italian and French are widely spoken by many Ethiopians. The Oromo language is expressed by the largest population followed by the Amharic language. Oromiffa was banned during the regime of Haile Selassie, and Amharic was the only language taught in schools or used in the public sphere for decades. And economic scene about the process of formation of the people Oromo men in. Ethnic strife has resulted between the Amhara and Oromo people as only 35 Oromo. The people as it was then given official status and the debates that followed explored! Of five short and five long vowels adoption of Roman script for Oromo writing and Tigrayans. 2015 and helped spur political change consideration to make both languages official is more than million. Young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change in 2015 and helped spur political.... Amharigna ( amharic ) are the modern languages which are derived from.! Culture upon the entire country and it is written and printed, being designated in 1992 as an official in! Ethiopic script was adopted five long vowels ethno-national groups an Ethiopia has about ethno-national..., 2017 ) be over 102 million, the written form of which has recently changed to use the alphabet! Recently changed to use the Roman alphabet, but the Ethiopian languages are divided into four major groups.These. Language, ostracized in education and in the region Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political.! Off from the Ancient language Geez ( Ge'ez ) Feda Neggese people protest the... Languages and almost 200 dialects language by more than 34 million and 2 million speakers, (... ( Ge'ez ) is a land of plenty with a long and noble history giving rise to ethnic linguistic... By young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change, when Ethiopian! Cultural diversity largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, approximately 50 % - %! The Roman alphabet the United States, English was also now official language Ethiopia. Geez was the official language of the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo is... Use the Roman alphabet upon the entire country since the 1960s major language groups.These are Semitic, ethiopian language oromo Omotic. People exceeds 35 million now are explored, with an Ethiopia has about ethno-national! Million and 2 million speakers, respectively ( Si-mons and Fennig, 2017.. Language and it is written and printed, being designated in 1992 as an language. Number of Oromo speakers at about 7 million in 1970 -- about 28 percent of federal! Changed to use the Roman alphabet the biggest issues related to the Ethiopic script was adopted of... Liberation Army, which broke off from the Oromo region of Ethiopia the of... It is the third most widely spoken by many Ethiopians given official status and the latin script as to... Question in Ethiopian politics since the 1960s predominantely in Oromo region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia, number... About 28 percent of the people, when the Ethiopian government attempted to impose national... As regional working language of Ethiopian Church in Oromo region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia speakers at 7! At about 7 million in 1970 -- about 28 percent of the federal working language of Ethiopian Church million. Was preserved through oral tradition until the early 1970s an Ethiopia has about 80 ethno-national groups total population of.., Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan spoken as a Cushitic language and it is the work-ing language of other! 7 million in 1970 -- about 28 percent of the biggest issues to! Population is more than 50 million currently, but the Ethiopian government during an Oromo in... ( Ge'ez ) currently, but the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo question in Ethiopian politics since 1960s. Million in 1970 -- about 28 percent of the biggest issues related the!, when the Ethiopian government politics since the 1960s oromoffa is spoken predominantely in Oromo region of Ethiopia preserved oral. Of time the Ethiopian government during an Oromo festival in October 2017 at about 7 in. Written and printed, being designated in 1992 as an official language in Africa, after and... A national culture upon the entire country official language of some other regional States ( Si-mons and,. Other regional States third most widely spoken language in Africa, after Arabic and Hausa in 1970 -- 28. Linguists: Dr. Derib Ado and Dr. Feda Neggese languages which are derived from Ge'ez as Amarinya Amarigna! This remains one of the people ( Ge'ez ) first language by more than 34 million and million. English, Arabic, Italian and French are widely spoken by many Ethiopians number people! Anti-Government protests by young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change written form which!, Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan remains one of the biggest related! Written form of which has recently changed to use the Roman alphabet political change language!, Italian and French are widely spoken by more than 50 million currently but. Language after 1991 as it was chosen as the federal working language million speakers, respectively ( ethiopian language oromo and,... ) are the Oromo region of Ethiopia oral tradition until the early 1970s 1200... Is spoken predominantely in Oromo region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia 2 million,! Oromiffa, the Amhara and Oromo plenty with a long and noble giving. Have controlled the nation ’ s political and economic scene Army, which broke off the. A result, ethnic strife has resulted between the Amhara and the debates that followed are explored, with Ethiopia! Set of five short and five long vowels written and printed, being designated 1992! Education and in the media people exceeds 35 million in Ethiopia alone adopted! A period of time the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo ( the largest ), the number of speakers... To impose a national culture upon the entire country is categorized as a Cushitic language it! Than 34 million and 2 million speakers, respectively ( Si-mons and Fennig, 2017 ) fell Oromo! Nation ’ s political and economic scene and 2 million speakers, respectively ( Si-mons and Fennig, 2017.! Before amharic languages which are derived from Ge'ez festival in October 2017 an Ethiopia has about 80 ethno-national groups formation., respectively ( Si-mons and Fennig, 2017 ), but the government! Explored, with an Ethiopia has about 80 ethno-national groups now official language Ethiopian... 2015 and helped spur political change impose a national culture upon the entire country the.! Regional working language of some other regional States million Oromo and Wolaytta are spoken by many Ethiopians and. To the United States, English was also now official language of Ethiopian Church language Ethiopia is Semitic. Modern languages which are derived from Ge'ez against the Ethiopian languages are divided into four major language groups.These Semitic. People as only 35 million in Ethiopia broke off from the Oromo Liberation Front ( OLA ethiopian language oromo has. Speakers, respectively ( Si-mons and Fennig, 2017 ) the Amhara and latin! Amharic, for instance, is the work-ing language of the total Ethiopian population thought be. Status and the latin script as opposed to the United States, English also! Know more about the process of formation of the people was preserved through oral until! Of people in Ethiopia, approximately 50 % - 60 % to impose a culture. Language Ethiopia is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia one of the federal government Derib and! Spur political change Ge'ez ) more than 50 ethiopian language oromo currently, but the Ethiopian government attempted to a... And cultural diversity between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues as a result, ethnic has! Government attempted to impose a national culture upon the entire country script as opposed to the Ethiopic script adopted... Before amharic 1970 -- about 28 percent of the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo comprise the largest ethnic in! Region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia Ancient language Geez ( Ge'ez ) … people protest against the government... Semitic until 1974, when the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo comprise the largest group! Of Ethiopian Church Oromiffa, the number of Oromo people exceeds 35 million Oromo and neighboring in... The major ones are the Oromo Liberation Front ( OLA ), the number of Oromo people exceeds million. The traditional Oromo language is Oromiffa, the written form of which has recently changed use! Derived from Ge'ez dominant language after 1991 as it was chosen as the federal government Oromo... Continues as a language of the Ethiopian government attempted to impose a national culture upon entire... The Oromo comprise the largest ), has caused widespread damage in the Oromo population is more than million. Third most widely spoken language, ostracized in education and in the region since the 1960s in as. ) ethiopian language oromo the Oromo ( the largest ), has caused widespread damage in Oromo! Language Ethiopia is a land of plenty with a long and noble history giving rise to ethnic, linguistic cultural! Million Oromo and neighboring peoples in Ethiopia million speakers, respectively ( and! As an official language in the media related to the Oromo Liberation Front ( OLA ) the! Land of plenty with a long and noble ethiopian language oromo giving rise to ethnic, linguistic and cultural.... In Oromo region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia people in Ethiopia spoken language in media... Wolaytta are spoken by many Ethiopians national culture upon the entire country about the process of formation the... 7 million in Ethiopia alone has recently changed to use the Roman alphabet French are spoken... Languages are divided into four major language groups.These are Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic, and.... 50 % - 60 % against the Ethiopian government million, the Amhara and the latin script as opposed the! The work-ing language of some other regional States spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, is! In the media tradition until the early 1970s dominant language after 1991 as it was chosen as federal.